Basement Full of Bones - Sedlec Ossuary
Kutná Hora, the city of silver, is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List thanks to its historical and architectural importance. It is a natural treasure of the former Czech kingdom. All the streets and houses comprise a long history.
From 1260 the city showed its underground wealth and people started to mine silver. There was so much of it that the town expanded really fast. The town streets imitated rapidly arising shafts and therefore the town took up quite a chaotic ground plan. Its heyday was in the medieval ages when Kutná Hora was the second most important city right after Prague. It was due to its economical power - silver coins were made there. However, the silver treasure was not bottomless and Kutná Hora can only remember its high status through museums.
Yet Kutná Hora has so many other sights to offer. You should not miss the Church of St Barbara. Its late Gothic architecture symbolises the power and importance of the mining city. The interior will amaze you with gothic and Rennaisance paintings, frescos and elegant pillars.
Bones all over the place...
A trip to a nearby cemetery in Sedlec (Kutná Hora borough) is for the lovers of bizzare things. The Church of All Saints there hides a true treasure. The outside of the church tells you nothing about its spectacular impact. Legend says that one of the local abbots, who had travelled to Jerusalem, brought a small pile of earth from the Holy Land on the local graveyard. After people found out about it, the Sedlec cemetery became a Sacred Field and people desired to be buried in there. After a plague outbreak there were thousands and thousands dead left, piled in a one place. In 1870 Frantisek Rint was hired by Schwanzenger family to put those skeletons in order. It is thanks to him that we can admire this exceptional decorations in the church underground.
The lower part of the church is decorated by more than 40 000 human bones, dominated by the immense chandelier that appeals the most. The chandelier is said to contain at least one of every bone in human body. Another impressive piece of art is a big coat of arms of Schwanzenberg family that catches attention of every visitor. The ossuary belongs to the most visited attractions in the Czech Republic.
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